Moscow, March 3 – IA OilGasPlant.net. According to the Ministry of Economic Development, Russia’s losses as a result of sanctions from various countries last year reached $ 6.3 billion. The ministry notes that the high-tech sectors of the Russian economy, to a large extent tied to imported equipment and components, included in the list of prohibited supplies in Russia, have suffered the most. We are talking about segments of the Russian economy where a breakthrough without international cooperation is practically impossible. At the same time, for a number of segments, the opposite situation can be observed, when sanctions became a real incentive for development. The executive director of ZIT “Rossilber” tells about the industries in which Russia was able to achieve positive results Ilshat Khafizov…
A number of Russian industries have managed to adapt to the sanctions. So, for example, according to Rosstat, in 2019 the volume of the agro-industrial complex amounted to 5.9 trillion rubles. Crop production has become a driver of the industry’s development – according to the results of the past year, it grew by 6.1%. There are successes in animal husbandry, where the annual growth was 1.6%.
Positive dynamics can be observed in certain segments of the oil and gas, machine-building and metallurgical industries.
So, metallurgical and machine-building enterprises after re-equipment and modernization in the 2000s. equipped their production shops with automated stamping presses from German manufacturers such as Shuler, SMS group, Daniely. The downside was the fact that to maintain the machines in working order, domestic enterprises were forced to use high-tech imported lubricants.
However, after the course on import substitution announced in 2010, many enterprises have their own laboratories and products that are significantly superior in quality to imported ones. As a result of deep scientific and technical work, domestic lubricants are able to increase the service life of equipment by 4 times in comparison with foreign ones.
A similar situation developed in the field of industrial chemistry. Russian specialists have succeeded in developing unique surfactant dehydration additives that can increase the quality of oil treatment by 3-5 times, and the rate of production by 30%. Previously, surfactants were imported from Holland, USA and Switzerland. The volume of imported raw materials reached 100-150 thousand barrels / year. But thanks to domestic developments, the volume of products imported into Russia fell to 1-2 thousand barrels per year, no more.
For a number of industrial chemistry products, domestic developments will be able to displace foreign ones within two years. Russian anticorrosive industrial paints and varnishes, which are used to combat corrosion of metals, surpass their Western counterparts in all respects. LKM systems are relatively expensive. However, the long-term economic effect ranges from 500% to 1000%.
In addition, Russian paint and varnish systems pay off in 3-5 years in comparison with foreign counterparts. They increase the flow rate of gas, water or oil, and the overall pumping performance, reducing the need and number of cleaning or repair work, in comparison with the products of such giants in the field of industrial coatings as Teknos, Akzo Nobel, Jotum.
Thus, it can be noted that the Russian economy in a number of industries can reach a fundamentally new qualitative level, and move from import substitution to import outstripping.